1. chapter 2. Grammatical terms
2. chapter 7. nonreferential it and there
3. chapter 9. multiword verbs
4. chapter 11. articles
5. chapter 13. pronouns
chapter 2. Grammatical terms
grammar-has its own terms that allow us to communicate more economically about it. These terms help you understand how english works and help you explain the details of english grammar to you students.
★ constituent structure
the clauses consist of smaller constituents called phrases, which are made up of even smaller constituents(words)
unit 의 부분의 모든 구성을 unit의 constituent structure(구 구조)라고 함.
- head element +required or optional elements
1) noun phrase
modifier + head element(head noun)
2) verb phrase
verb +NP(동사의 목적어 기능을 함)
3) adjective phrase
형용사- 어떤 것의 특징을 묘사할 때 사용
adjective(head element) can be preceded by degree adverb(terribly, extremely, considerably, very) adverb+ adjective
4) adverb phrase
adverb-supply information about how, where, when, why, to what extent
adverb themselves can be preceded by other adverb.
5) prepositional phrase
preposition(head element) + NP