This paper tries to evaluate South and North Korea's unification policies & formulas and analyze similarities and problems concerning two formulas.
Since territorial division in 1945, South and North Korea have maintained a confrontational relationship due to their uncompromising ideologies, i.e., liberal democracy against communist dictatorship. From the time of national division to the early 1970s, accompanying with the expansion of the international Cold War, South and North Korea continued an intense confrontation against each other while denying each other's regime. The unification issue has sometimes been used as a mean to maintain political power, and a tool to secure legitimacy. However it has resulted in the transition of cognizance that acknowledges the counterpart as a subject for bilateral exchange and cooperation through the logic of coexistence and mutal prosperity.
South Korea, in its efforts to create favorable conditions for peaceful unification, and based on the principle that unification issues must be solved through dialogues between the directly concerned parties, has made numerous proposals to North Korea.
A. H. Birth, "Approaches to the Study of Federalism" , Political Studies, Vol.XIV, No.1, 1966
Cumings, Bruce, " The Two Koreas : On the Road to Reunification?" New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1990.
Haas, MIichael, "The Functionalist Approach to Korean Reunification," New York: Praeger Publishers, 1989.
Hall, John, "German Unification: What the Korean Stand to Learn," Asian Perspective, Vol. 17. No.2 (Fall-Winter 1993)
Manfred W. Wenner, "The Yemen Arab Republic: Development and Change in an Ancient Land", Boulder: Westview Press, 1991
Party History Research Institute under the Central Committee of the Workers' Party, "History of Revolutionary Activities of the Great Leader Comrade KIM IL SUNG," Pyongyang, 1983.