The “Vanity Fair” Chapter of The Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan
The tone of the speaker with regard to the “[v]anity [f]air” (2146) is satirical. The vanity fair which he sees in his dream may be construed as the representation of the corrupt world. At the fair, “knaves” (2147) and “rogues” (2147) commit crimes and immaterial and material things such as estates, men, “lives” (2147), “souls” (2147), jewels, “honors” (2147) and emotions are sold. The list of merchandise contains a hint that people are considered to be equivalent to goods.