2nd. Theoretical Background
3rd. Theoretical BackgroundⅡ
4th. Education Policy - Scope and Thresholds
5th. Policy Instruments
6th. Educational Distribution
7th. Restraint and Innovation
8th. Health Policy
9th. Policy Instruments
11th. Restraints and Innovation
The state(or government) intervene in the market, and is becoming stronger. Because the market is very imperfect and unstable. Especially, the state intervene in the education, the health care, the economy, and the environment, and so on. Why does the state intervene in the market? One of the reason is equity. Equity is the quality of being fair and reasonable in a way that gives equal treatment to everyone.
Like the health care, the education, and the economy are merit goods. Merit goods are more social values than personal values. So, the state helps the poor to use least of merit goods. If the state set the market free, the poor people can not live at the least of life. And, wealthy people use the service easily, but poor people don't have. In other word, the state intervene in the market to reduce social disparities. Therefore, the state should intervene in the market.