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congestive heart failure, 심부전

저작시기 2015.03 |등록일 2017.01.15 | 최종수정일 2017.01.16 워드파일MS 워드 (docx) | 7페이지 | 가격 1,500원

소개글

호주 유학중인 심부전을 가지고 썼던 에세이 입니다. 심부전의 정의, 임상증상, 예방, 치료등 전체적으로 다루어졌던 내용 입니다. 이 에세이를 통해 좀 더 쉽게 심부전에 대해 이해할 수 있는 기회가 되기를 원합니다.

목차

1.심부전이 악화되는 과정
2.효과적인 간호중재
3.이뇨제 치료법

본문내용

When the exacerbation of acute left ventricular failure develops, the neuroendocrine responses including sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin system leading to fluid volume excess are activated to maintain perfusion of the vital organs (Lemone & Burke, 2013). The decreased contractility of the left ventricle causes decreased left atrial pressure and moreover, pressures in pulmonary veins increase. Pulmonary capillary hydrostatic pressures rise, ultimately exceeding the osmotic pressure of the blood (Eugenio, Luna & Mihai, 2010). In other words, left ventricular failure leads to reduced cardiac output (CO) causing reduced effective renal perfusion. Decreased renal perfusion causes the activation of renin-angiotensin system and leads to vasoconstriction and stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce the secretion of aldosterone and the posterior pituitary to produce ADH. Aldosterone encourages sodium resorptions in renal tubules, prompting water retention (Craft, Gordon & Tiziani, 2011).

참고 자료

Barbara, L.C., & Elaine, O.K.(2011).Adult health nursing (6th ed.). Missouri. United States of America
Bullock,S., & Manias, E.(2013) . Fundamentals of pharmacology (7th ed.). Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson Education.
Craft, A., Gordon, C., & Tiziani, A. (2011).Understanding pathophysiology (Australia ed.). Chatswood. Australia: Elsevier Australia.
Eugenio, P., Luna, G., & Mihai, G.(2010). Why, when, and how to assess pulmonary congestion in heart failure: pathophysiological, clinical, and methodological implications. Heart Fail Rev, 15: 63-72.Doi 10/1007/s10741-009-9248-9
Joanne, W.(2010). Cardiovascular and pulmonary physical therapy.(2nd ed.).Missouri. United States of America
Lehne, R.A., Moore, L., Crosby, L., & Hamilton, D. (2013). Pharmacology for nursing care. (8th ed.). Missouri. United States of America
Lemone, P., & Burke, K.(Eds).(2013). Medical – surgical nursing: Critical thinking for person-centred care. (2nd ed.). French’s Forest, NSW: Pearson Australia.
Mei-Yi, W., Nen-Chung,C., Chin-Ling, Su, Yung-Ho, H, Tzen-Wen, C., Yuh-Feng, L.,...& Ka-Wai, T.(2014). Loop diuretic strategies in patients with acute decompensated heart failure: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Journal of Critical Care, 29(1):2-9. Doi:10.1016/j.jcrc.2013.10.009
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