II. Historical and sociological context of labour in the America
III. The work alienation of Willy Loman
V. Works cited
How and why white collar workers are alienated in the American history
Think about the words, “work” or “labour.” What images or thought do you occur in your mind? Hard? Money? Or means of living? Yes. All of them are true. Labour is the activity that people have to do in either a physical or a mental way for getting what they want. From the process, some wealth is generated and humans can continue to live by using the wealth. Robbins defines the meaning of labourer “the person who survives by selling labour.”(32) However, labour can be not only the means of surviving but also the embodiment of one’s identity. That is, what kinds of work one does is closely related to who or what one is. Someone’s personality, inclination, or reason for doing the work is reflected upon the work. In this regard, Marx saw labour as the existential activity and free and conscious activity, and Augustine stressed the sacredness of labour, which he thought the labour is a sort of gift from God.
Allen, Walter. The Urgent West. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co, 1969.
Applebaum, Herbert A. The American Work Ethic and the Changing Work Force : an historical perspective Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1998.
Bates, Barclay W. “The Lost Past In Death Of a Salesman.” Modern Drama. 11.2 (1968): 164-72.
Blumberg, Paul. “Sociology and Social Literature: Work Alienation in the Plays of Arther Miller.” American Quarterly 21.2 (1969): 291-310.
Davis, Mike. Prisoners of the American Dream. London: Verso, 1986.
Lee, Woon Hyung. “On the Logical Inconsistence in Marx's Doctrine of Alienation.” Journal of the Daedong(Graet Unity) Philosophical Assocition. 24 (2004): 339-62.
Robbins, Richard H. Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2002.
Rifkin, Jeremy. The European dream. New York: Penguin, 2004
Rodgers, Daniel T. The Work Ethic in Industrial America, 1850-1920 Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 1978
Miller, Arthur. “Death of a Salesman.” The Norton Anthology of American Literature. eds. Baym, Nina, et al. Shorter 7th ed. New York: W.W Norton & Company, 2007. 2462-526.
Sung, Young bok. “A Study of Man’s Alienation in Death of a Salesman..” Diss. Dankook U, 1989.