1. How can you develop and support Peer tutoring?
2. How can you use cooperative learning strategies to facilitate social inclusion?
▣ How can you develop and support Peer tutoring?
① Definition of Peer tutoring: Peer tutoring is a system of instruction in which pairs of students with relatively equal standing are given formal roles for promoting each others' achievement.
② Goal of Peer tutoring used with students with disabilities: the goal is often twofold.
▷ Fostering social interactions.
▷ Enhancing academic achievement.
③ Impact of Peer tutoring on students:
▷ On tutors: Students who give the instruction identified benefits. They learned about justice, equality, and choice, and became familiar with the alternative assessment system used for their peers with disabilities. And particularly when older tutors with marginal skills work with younger students, students who serve as tutors learn their academic content better, and they have positive attitudes toward school and learning.
▷ On tutees: In the area of academic achievement and class participation, peer tutoring has been demonstrated to improve the achievement of tutees.
Developing Peer Tutoring Programs
* Steps for setting up a peer tutoring program
① Selecting tutors and tutoring approach
▷ Same-age tutoring approach: considering pairing students who are high achievers rather than pairing high achievers with low achievers and assigning other students whose understanding of the topic is fairly similar.