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구소련권 통화통합에 관한 연구

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러시아, 벨로루시, 카자흐스탄, 우크라이나 통화통합 가능성에 관한 연구 (석사논문)

목차

제1장. 서 론
1.1 연구의 목적
1.2 연구의 방법과 논문의 구성

제2장. 역내 통화협력에 관한 논의 및 선행연구
2.1 루블존의 붕괴
2.1.1 무역의 감소
2.1.2 지불결제시스템의 문제점
2.2 루블존의 붕괴 이후 CIS 역내 경제협력 논의
2.2.1 무역협정
2.2.2 통화협력
2.3 최적통화지역 이론
2.3.1 이론적 배경
2.3.2 최적통화지역의 구성 기준과 내생성 문제
2.3.3 선행연구

제3장 러시아, 벨로루시, 카자흐스탄, 우크라이나의 최적통화지역 구성 기준 및 충족도
3.1 무역 개방도와 상호의존성
3.2 산업의 특화 정도
3.3 노동시장의 유연성
3.4 거시경제의 수렴정도
3.4.1 EMU의 경제수렴기준 적용
3.4.2 경기변동과 인플레이션의 상관성
제4장 러시아 경제의 안정성

제5장 결 론

본문내용

제 1 장 서론
1.1 연구의 목적
세계화가 진행됨에 따라 국가들 간 경제통합은 경제적으로나 정치적으로 중요한 이슈가 되어왔다. 경제통합의 과정으로서 국가간 무역 협정, 관세 동맹, 통화통합을 이룬 대표적인 예가 유럽연합이다. 유럽연합은 1999년 유로화를 도입하면서 단일통화지역을 구성하였다. 통화통합이 경제발전 기여한 점에 대해 Rose(2000)는 국가 간에 단일통화를 사용한 경우가 그렇지 않은 경우보다 무역이 증대되었음을 밝혔다.
CIS 지역에서도 유라시안경제공동체(EurAsEC)을 중심으로 많은 경제통합 논의 러시아, 벨로루시, 카자흐스탄은 2009년 6월 9일 유라시아 경제공동체(EurAsEC) 회담에서 관세동맹의 형태로 세계무역기구(WTO)에 동시 가입을 추진할 것이라고 밝혔다. 이는 각국이 미국발 금융위기로 발생한 경제위기 극복을 위해서 역내 경제통합을 우선적으로 추진하려는 의도로 볼 수 있겠다.

<중 략>

도입은 1998년 외환위기로 인해 큰 손실을 봄으로써 신뢰를 상실한 은행들이 국민들로부터 새로이 신뢰를 얻을 수 있는 계기가 되었다. 가계소득의 증가와 예금보험제도의 도입은 은행이용 인구의 증가를 가져왔고, 과거 은행을 단순히 결제기관이나 예금기관으로만 취급하던 국민들의 인식 변화를 가져옴으로써 은행들로 하여금 소비자대출, 모기지론, 자동차할부금융 등 다양한 금융상품의 개발과 취급을 가능케 하였다.
러시아가 단일경제공동체(CES)의 중심국가로서 가장 안정적으로 유지해야하는 것은 바로 인플레이션이다. 러시아의 인플레이션이 다른 3국보다는 낮은 수준이지만, 선진국에 비해서는 매우 높고 불안정하다. 이에 러시아 중앙은행은 인플레이션 목표제(Inflation Targeting)를 중심으로 통화정책을 실시하고 있다. 중앙은행은 인플레이션 목표를 명시적으로 제시하고 정책금리 조정 등을 통해 이를 직접 달성하려고 노력하고 있다.
러시아 경제의 지속적인 성장과 안정성을 유지하기 위해서는 제도적인 개선뿐만 아니라 광물 채굴 등의 1차 산업 중심의 산업구조를 다각화하는 노력이 필요할 것이다. 이것은 재정수입의 대부분을 원자재 수출세로 충당하는 불안정한 구조 역시 개선하는 계기가 될 것이다.

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