장애인 직업재활을 장애인만의 보호고용이 아닌 지역사회 중심으로 사회통합의 관점에서 지원고용하는 방향으로 추진되어야 함을 주장하는 내용입니다. (미국 사회를 배경으로 하는 영문 레포트입니다.)
1. Social Issue
2. Name of Policy
3. Name of Program
4. Ideal Program
Currently, the most significant legislation related to employment of persons with disabilities is the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed in 1990. Among the five Titles of the ADA, Title I includes bans against discrimination in hiring, firing, compensation, advancement, and training, and also requires employers to make “reasonable accommodations” for those with disabilities unless this would cause “undue hardship” (DiNitto, 2003). In short, the purpose of Title I of the ADA is to ensure equal access to employment opportunities for qualified individuals with a disability (Rubin & Roessler, 2001).
However, there have been controversial debates on the effectiveness of the ADA. On the one hand, some researchers such as Karger (Karger, Midgley, & Brown, 2002) insisted that the ADA has not worked in increasing the rate of employment for persons with disabilities. On the other hand, Rubin (Rubin & Roessler, 2001) maintained that, due to the overall conservative posture taken by the courts in ADA cases, the achievement of the ADA has been limited.