2. Nation state system
3. North-south relation
4. Financial globalization
It is widely accepted that studies of international relations started based on modern nation state system which was developed in 1648, in Peace of Westphalia. The concept of sovereignty was also instituted at Westphalia. The modern nation state based system of Europe was planted in the Americas, Africa, and Asia through the colonialism. Then, decolonization during the Cold war established the contemporary international system.
Recently, the idea of globalization is widening which can be considered as the movement of post-modern. However, there are many arguments about globalization. Some scholars argue that current globalization is an extension of western imperialism re-commenced with the collapse of USSR with communism ideology. Some others argue that globalization is one step of the processes beyond ‘nation state system’. They believe the nation states system definitely will be fade out. Of course there are much more other arguments about current globalization.
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