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영문법 정리

저작시기 2012.09 |등록일 2013.03.25 한글파일한글 (hwp) | 62페이지 | 가격 3,000원

* 본 문서는 한글 2005 이상 버전에서 작성된 문서입니다. 한글 2002 이하 프로그램에서는 열어볼 수 없으니, 한글 뷰어프로그램(한글 2005 이상)을 설치하신 후 확인해주시기 바랍니다.

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명사의 종류

구체명사
생물 인간(개인과 집단) 단수/복수 취급 모두 가능 (단수:집단 인식, 복수:개별적 구성원 인식) cf) the+형용사:복

수명사
대표) family is/are, families are
ex) My family is a large one.
My family are all early risers.
A new family has/have moved in next door.
There live three families in this house.
army(a soldier)군단(군인) band(a ~ member)음악대/무리(구성원)
audience/committee/staff/crew(a ~ member)청중단/의원단/직원단/선원단
class(a classmate)동창생단(동창) gang(a gangster)갱단(갱단원), jury(a juror)배심원단(배심원)

* 반드시 복수 취급해야 하는 명사
people, the police/clergy/aristocracy/gentry/nobility/peasantry(계급), personnel(전 인원, 직원들)
a person(한 사람) vs people / a people(하나의 민족) vs peoples
ex) People like to be made to feel important.
The English are a practical people.
Customs similar to this one are found among many peoples of the world.
police(a police (wo)man/officer), clergy(a clergyman), aristocracy(an aristocrat)
gentry(a gentleman), nobility(a nobleman), peasantry(peasant)
ex) The police are looking for the missing children. 학교 문법 복수 취급!
The police has not yet made public list of the criminals.
The clergy were opposed to the law.
The clergy was opposed to the law, whereas the medical world supported it.

<중 략>

대부정사

Let’s go for a walk. - I don’t want to. (go for a walk.)
Sorry I shouted at you. I didn’t mean to. (shout at you.)

do so (so: 그렇게)

i) 똑같은 [주어+동사]가 반복될 경우 동사 이하 부분을 do so로 받을 수 있다.

I promised to get the tickets, and I will do so as soon as possible.
He told me to get out, and I did so as quietly as possible.
[s v]

ii) do so는 의지를 갖고 행동하는 동작에만 슬 수 있다. 의지가 없는 행동이나 상태는 대동사 do를 사용해야 한다.

I like the saxophone, and I always have (done). (and I always have done so.)
She lost her money. I wasn’t surprised that she did. (wasn’t surprised that she did so.)

참고) It looked uncompromisingly realㅡso much so that it looked fake.
That sounds bad. Too much so to be truly believable, frankly.
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