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시각장애인과 촉각적 기억 전략 연구

저작시기 2012.06 |등록일 2012.07.12 한글파일한컴오피스 (hwp) | 95페이지 | 가격 5,000원

소개글

Paivio(1971)는 단어보다 그림이 더 잘 기억된다는 시각적 기억 전략 이론을 통해 시각이 기억에 미치는 효과에 대해 연구하였다. 하지만 이러한 연구는 정안인(정상적인 시각을 가진 사람)을 대상으로 연구된 학문이라 할 수 있다. ‘그렇다면 시각이 아닌 촉각을 활용하여 정보를 탐색하는 시각장애인에게는 이러한 이론들이 적용될 수 없는 것일까?’라는 문제의식을 가지고 본 연구를 진행하였다.

목차

국문초록
그림목차
표 목 차

서 론
1. 연구배경 및 목적·····························································1
2. 연구방법 및 범위·····························································3
3. 연구문제·······································································5
4. 연구모형·······································································6
5. 선행연구의 고찰······························································7

Ⅰ. 이론적 배경
1. 시각장애의 정의·························································17
1) 의학적 정의··························································17
2) 법적 정의·······························································17
3) 시각장애의 분류····················································18

2. 점자에 관한 고찰·······················································20
1) 점자의 역사·························································20
2) 점자의 구조·························································21
3. 시각장애인의 정보탐색·················································24
1) 점자도서······························································24
2) 촉각도서······························································27
3) 녹음도서······························································31

4. 기억 이론·································································33
1) 기억의 정의··························································33
2) 기억의 과정··························································33
3) 정보처리과정·························································34
4) 기억의 종류··························································36

5. 시각적 기억 전략 이론·················································43
1) 그림에 의한 전략····················································43
2) 그림이 기억에 미치는 효과········································47
3) 영상화(시각화) 기억법··············································49

Ⅱ. 실증연구
1. 연구문제 및 연구샘플···················································51
1) 연구문제 및 가설의 설정···········································51
2) 연구샘플 제작······················································52

2. 조사방법 및 범위························································61

Ⅲ. 조사결과
1. 조사샘플 검증····························································63
2. 연구문제 1의 가설 1 검증 결과·······································67

결론 및 제언
1. 연구의 요약·································································72
2. 연구의 한계와 제언························································74

참고문헌··········································································76
ABSTRACT·····································································81

본문내용

정안인은 정보를 탐색할 때 시각에 의존해 메시지를 탐독 하지만 정상적인 시각을 갖고 있지 않은 시각장애인의 경우는 시각이 아닌 촉각에 의존해 메시지를 탐독하게 된다. 시각을 통해 습득하는 정보에 대해 문자보다는 그림이 더 잘 기억된다는 Paivio(1971)의 연구는 여러 학자들에 의해 지지되고 증명 되었지만, 시각장애인처럼 촉각에 의해 정보를 탐색하고 이해하고 기억하는 문제에 대해 연구된 논문은 찾아보기 어려웠다. 즉 “시각적 기억 전략”은 지지 되었지만 “촉각적 기억 전략”에 대해서는 연구 된 논문을 찾을 수 없었다.
따라서 시각장애인들의 학습 효과를 높이기 위한 전략을 수립하는데 많은 어려움이 있고, 시각장애인을 위한 학습 교재나 교육 기자재를 만드는 일에 이론적 근거를 마련하지 못해 어려움을 겪고 있다. 본 연구는 촉각적 기억 전략 또한 시각적 기억 전략과 같이 문자보다는 그림이 더 잘 기억 될 수 있을 것인지를 밝혀 보고자 하는 의도에서 시작된 것이다.

참고 자료

김지영, <심벌마크의 시각적 특성이 의료서비스에 미치는 영향-치과 병원
심벌마크를 중심으로>, 홍익대학교 산업미술대학원 석사학위 논문, 2008.
민경원, <영어교수-학습에서의 오감 학습을 통한 동기화 및 학습효과 극대화방안 연구>, 원광대학교 교육대학원 석사학위 논문, 2007.
박종희, <교과서 편집디자인이 학업몰입도 및 학업성취도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구-중학교 국어 교과서를 중심으로>, 홍익대학교 산업미술 대학원 석사학위 논문, 2008.
안용환, <사회복지시설에서 시각장애인의 정보화교육에 관한 연구>, 공주 대학교 교육대학원 석사학위 논문, 2006.
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