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DNA부터단백질까지

저작시기 2012.05 |등록일 2012.05.24 파워포인트파일MS 파워포인트 (ppt) | 92페이지 | 가격 3,800원

소개글

DNA부터 단백질에 이르기까지 광범위하게 정리했고, 이를 통해 상관관계를 분석했습니다.

목차

14.1 What Is the Evidence that Genes Code for Proteins?
14.2 How Does Information Flow from Genes to Proteins?
14.3 How Is the Information Content in DNA Transcribed to Produce RNA?
14.4 How Is Eukaryotic DNA Transcribed and RNA Processed?
14.5 How Is RNA Translated into Proteins?
14.6 What Happens to Polypeptides after Translation?

본문내용

The molecular basis of phenotypes was discovered before it was known that DNA is the genetic material.
Studies of many different organisms showed that major phenotypic differences were due to differences in specific proteins.

Identification of a gene product as a protein began with a mutation.
Garrod saw a disease phenotype— alkaptonuria—occurring in children who shared more alleles as first cousins.
A substance in their blood (HA, homogentistic acid) accumulated—was not catalyzed—the gene for the enzyme was mutated.
Garrod correlated one gene to one enzyme.

Model organisms: Easy to grow or observe; show the phenomenon to be studied.
Can assume that results from one organism can be applied to others.
Examples: Pea plants; Drosophila; C.elegangs, E. coli; common bread mold, Neurospora crassa.

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