2) Billiard Ball or Autonomy: Brief Reviews on the literature
3) Deadlock or In Process
4) Analysis of the issue based on the Two-Level Games
The issue regarding the nuclear proliferation around the world has emerged as an important dimension threatening international security. This concern has alarmed the world since the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and recently the Iranian government, explicitly declared that they have acquired nuclear weapons. Since October 2002, considerable attention has been paid to the issue of the DPRK’s nuclear program from the international community, which has expressed its grave concerns. The tension reached at its the apogee when the DPRK claimed it conducted a nuclear test on the morning of 9th October 2006. In an effort to cope with the nuclear program of the DPRK, multi-dimensional solutions have been suggested, including limited military attack on the nuclear facilities as well as diplomatic negotiations since the first crisis in 1993. Putting aside these states’ direct use of nuclear weapons, a more serious factor is that international terrorist groups, such as the Al-Qaeda, can pose a nuclear threat to the world by acquiring Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) including nuclear warheads from these states.
Albright, David and Kevin O’Neill (2000) Solving the North Korean Nuclear Puzzle. Institute of Science and International Security Press.
Cha D. Victor and David C. Kang (2003) Nuclear North Korea: a debate on engagement strategies. New York: Columbia University Press.
Chung, Oknim (2005) U.S. Approaches Toward the Two Remaining Evils Korean Journal of Defense Analysis 17:185-211.
Coe, Andrew J. (2005) North Korea’s New Cash Crop. The Washington Quarterly 28:73-84.
Evans, Peter B., Harold K. Jacobson, and Robert D. Putnam et al. (1993) Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Bargaining and Domestic Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Oye, Kenneth et al. (1986) Cooperation under anarchy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Putnam, Robert (1988) Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games. International Organization 42:427-460
Roehrig, Terence (2006) From Deterrence to Engagement: the U.S. defense commitment to South Korea. UK: Lexington Books.
Sigal, Leon V. (2002) North Kor