Mendel’s laws of inheritance
1. The inheritance of characteristics is determined by genes. Genes
are passed from parent to offspring.
2. Some forms of the gene are dominant and others recessive.
3. The law of segregation: Organism has 2 copies of each gene – one
from each parent. Genes are segregated during gamete production.
4. The law of independent assortment: Alleles for different genes
usually segregate independently of one another.
5. Mendel’s laws of segregation and independent assortment can be
extended to more complex cases (Incomplete dominance and