UC Berkeley 내에 있는 Doe Library에 걸려있는 그림에 대한 분석입니다. 제 2차 세계대전 당시 나치 치하에 있었던 네덜란드의 상황을 풍자를 통해 잘 나타낸 그림입니다.
This painting (or caricature) is named “DE ‘ONDERGRONDSCHE’ PERS”, which means ‘underground’. It is displayed in Doe Library 1st floor, as a part of exhibition ‘Fighting Nazism with words’.
In the 1940s, Hitler proclaimed war and invaded many countries in Europe. The Netherlands was nearly the first victim of it. Though the Dutch army capitulated, people resisted the Nazis. And this painting expresses this situation effectively. This picture is approximately divided in two parts; ground and underground. Four Nazis are on the ground, four Dutchmen are in the underground, and one Dutchman is at the boundary. Nazis are trying to find Dutchmen’ place while crouching. Hollanders are making handbills which include their thoughts.