영어교육을 전공하시는 분들을 위한 영어교수학습이론 PLLT (BROWN 저)의 요약본 입니다.
Chapter1. Language, learning and teaching
1. Current issues in second language learning
- who, what, where, when, why, how
① Language is systematic.
② Language is a set of arbitrary symbols.
③ Those symbols are primarily vocal, but may also be visual.
④ The symbols have conventionalized meanings to which they refer.
⑤ Language is used for communication.
⑥ Language operates in a speech community or culture.
⑦ Language is essentially human, although possibly not limited to humans.
⑧ Language is acquired by all people in much the same way; language and language learning both have universal characteristics.
3. Learning and teaching
① Learning is acquisition or getting.
② Learning is retention of information or skill.
③ Retention implies storage systems, memory, cognitive organization.
Principles of Language Learning and Teaching