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가정법을 직설법으로

저작시기 2010.11 |등록일 2010.11.22 한글파일한컴오피스 (hwp) | 5페이지 | 가격 800원

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본문내용

1. 가정법 과거
If + 주어 + 과거동사 (be동사: were) ~, 주어 + 조동사과거 + 동사원형-
※ 뜻 : 만약 ~라면, ---할텐데. (⇒현재로 해석)
※ 과정법 과거에서 be동사는 언제나 were가 쓴다.
1) If I were rich, I could buy the car.
⇒ (직설법) As I am not rich, I cannot buy the car.
2) If he knew her address, he could write to her.
⇒ (직설법) As he does not know her address, he doesn`t write to her.
3) If I didn`t have havehomework to do, I could help you.
⇒ (직설법) I have much homework to do, so I cannot help you.
2. 가정법 과거완료 (과거사실과 반대되는 가정)
If + 주어 + had + pp~, 주어 + 조동사과거 + have pp ---
※ 뜻 : 만약 ~였다면, ---했을텐데. (과거로 해석)
1) If I had been rich, I could have helped you.
⇒ (직설법) As I was not rich, I couldn`t help you.
2) If he had not been ill, he could[would] have gone out.
⇒ (직설법) Because he was ill, he didn`t go out.
3) If she had studied hard, she had not failed
⇒ (직설법) She didn`t study hard, so she failed.
3. I wish + 가정법 과거 (과거완료)
.
.
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