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Plato’s Simple City and Orwell’s 1984

저작시기 2009.12 |등록일 2010.04.17 워드파일MS 워드 (doc) | 7페이지 | 가격 2,500원

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Plato's Simple City 와 George Orwell's society 와 비교

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Introduction
Socrates’ Simple City
Socrates’ Simple City and Orwell’s 1984
Conclusion

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Introduction
“Be careful what you wish for.”
In Plato’s Republic, Socrates thinks of a just city, a simple city where everyone is equal and there are no desires apart from the necessary needs. Everything is commonly owned and no individuality is expressed in any way.
1984, in a way could be a result of these wishes and imaginations of Socrates—or maybe with a bit more extremity. The society portrayed in this novel is structured in a way that all aspects of individualism are oppressed. This novel shows how much these wishes for Socrates’ utopia could in fact result in a catastrophic dystopia.

Socrates’ Simple City
In order to locate justice, Socrates builds a perfectly just city from scratch, one of specialization and primitiveness, “The first community consists of workers alone living a life of rude and primitive health, each with a single talent and therefore a single job, responding cooperatively to one another’s selfish needs.”
Specialization in Socrates’ simple city means that each person has a specific role that they naturally are adept in, and should not interrupt with any other business. The carpenter must only build and make things, and the farmer only must farm.
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