노예제도가 어떻게 정당화 되었는가?
이 질문에 관한 답이 레포트에 쓰여있습니다.
아리스토텔레스, 플라톤, 아퀴나스, 아우구스티누스에 이론과
교회와 성경이 어떻게 노예제도를 정당화 시켰는지에 관한 보고서 입니다.
영어로 쓰여 있긴하나 충분히 이해하실 수 있으실 것입니다.
3. Defense of Slavery
3.3 St. Augustine
3.4 Thomas Aquinas
3.5 Bible and Church
4. The Criticism about defense of slavery
Have you ever thought of the life of slaves during middle ages? You would already know that slaves were treated as beasts and had no right as human. Although slavery declined in the middle ages as serfdom slowly rose, slavery was still widespread and slave-trade was common in medieval Europe.
Today, most countries are democratic and people naturally think all men are equal. From the modern point of view, slavery is irrational and unfair, so slavery is banned legally. Then, How was slavery justified during the middle ages? Was there any theory to defend slavery?
I will explain the theories to defend slavery from different point of view focusing on various philosophers` thought in detail : Aristotle, Plato, St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas (I will more focus on St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas) and also explain how the Bible was used to justify slavery. After the explanation of some arguments, I will criticise these arguments from modern point of view
Imagine that you are a slave. You have to follow the order of your master unconditionally without your thought. You can be sold
Aristotle :Greek Theories of Slavery from Homer to Aristotle (Robert Schlaifer)
Plato :Slavery in Plato`s Thought (Gregory Vlastos)
Aquinas :Aquinas on Slavery: An Aristotelian Puzzle (Hector Zagal)
Bible and Church : The Christian Church and Slavery in the Middle Ages (Frederik Pijper)