Dr. Faustus and Renaissance Humanism
This research paper seeks to establish the connection between the main character in the person of Dr. Faustus in Christopher Marlowe’s play Dr. Faustus and Renaissance Humanism. In the process, an attempt to explore Renaissance Humanisms’ ideals and will be made. The necessity of showing the influences of Renaissance Humanism to Marlowe’s work needs to be highlighted. In closing, these ideals will be closely examined in Dr. Faustus.
As a preliminary, an essay will be developed for Renaissance and Humanism. Its basic concepts based on some historical accounts will be defined.
Renaissance and Humanism
Marlowe’s Dr. Faustus
The connection between Renaissance-Humanism
Burton (1914), in his very passionate book on Renaissance, described the concept in 1894: “It was the work of the Renaissance . . . to awaken in man a consciousness of his powers and to give him confidence in himself; to show him the beauty of the world and the joy of life; and to make him feel his living connection with the past, and the greatness of the future which he might create.” Christoph (1904) would later complement this interpretation to wit, “Men began to realize that there lay behind them a most significant history, and that the men of the past had many things to teach them. When men became conscious of this, the revival of learning began and that intellectual and scientific transformation of Europe which we call the Revival of Learning or the Renaissance.” From the foregoing, we could easily derive what Renaissance in our history is all about.
And from this perspective, it is a reasonable consensus that Renaissance indeed was termed as “new birth” that has left a mark of transition from the medieval to modern history. It is in facta movement and fairly started in Italy back in the fourteenth century then gradually spread all over the Western Europe to the time that ended the dominion of the Church in secular matters, including scholasticism and feudalism. This movement has penetrated not only these domains but later on to transgress various aspects of human lives like philosophy, religion, politics and the arts. ..........