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hyponatremia

저작시기 2007.01 |등록일 2007.03.11 파워포인트파일MS 파워포인트 (ppt) | 21페이지 | 가격 1,000원

소개글

hyponatremia에 대한 프리젠테이션 파일입니다.

목차

Initial evaluation
Hypovolemic hyponatremia
Euvolemic hyponatremia
Treatment strategies in hyponatremia
Acute hyponatremia
Chronic symptomatic hyponatremia
Chronic asymptomatic hyponatremia
Pharmacologic therapy

본문내용

Initial evaluation

Hyponatremia ; body water > body Na content , associated with hypo-osmolarlity
definition ; s-Na concentration ≤ 130mEq/l
3-6 % of hospitalized patients
1. First task
; truly hypo-osmolar state? Vs.
translocational hyponatreamia or pseudohyponatremia?

2. Next step
; assess volume status by clinical examination
hypovolemic vs. euvolemic vs. hypervolemic

Hypovolemic hyponatremia
Total body Na deficit > total body water deficit
free water, hypotonic fluids의 excess intake → large loss of water and solute through the renal or GI route
circulating blood vol. 감소 → nonosmotic release of ADH → retention of free water,

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