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[공학]Debye length

저작시기 2006.01 |등록일 2006.12.24 한글파일한글 (hwp) | 2페이지 | 가격 300원

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Debye length
Debye length in a plasma
Debye length in an electrolyte

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Debye length

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


In plasma physics, the Debye length, named after the Dutch physical chemist Peter Debye, is the scale over which mobile charge carriers (e.g. electrons) screen out electric fields in plasmas and other conductors. In other words, the Debye length is the distance over which significant charge separation can occur. In space plasmas where the electron density is relatively low, the Debye length may reach macroscopic values, such as in the Magnetosphere, Solar wind, Interstellar medium and Intergalactic medium (see table):

Source: Chapter 19: The Particle Kinetics of Plasmahttp://www.pma.caltech.edu/Courses/ph136/yr2002/

Hannes Alfven pointed out that: "In a low density plasma, localized space charge regions may build up large potential drops over distances of the order of some tens of the Debye lengths. Such regions have been called electric double layers. An electric double layer is the simplest space charge distribution that gives a potential drop in the layer and a vanishing electric field on each side of the layer. In the laboratory, double layers have been studied for half a century, but their importance in cosmic plasmas has not been generally recognized.".
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