국제결제은행(BIS)에 관한 정리
2. Organization and Governance
3. Board of Directors
4. Committees and Secretariats
The BIS`s establishment
The Bank for International Settlements was established in 1930. It is the world`s oldest international financial institution and remains the principal centre for international central bank cooperation.
The BIS was established in the context of the Young Plan (1930), which dealt with the issue of the reparation payments imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles following the First World War. The new bank was to take over the functions previously performed by the Agent General for Reparations in Berlin: collection, administration and distribution of the annuities payable as reparations. The Bank`s name is derived from this original role. The BIS was also created to act as a trustee for the Dawes and Young Loans (international loans issued to finance reparations) and to promote central bank cooperation in general.
The reparations issue quickly faded, focusing the Bank`s activities entirely on cooperation among central banks and, increasingly, other agencies in pursuit of monetary and financial