미국 헌법과 영국 헌법에 대한 비교 입니다.
미국은 석문 헌법에 기초하였고 영국은 기초적 석문 헌헙이 없습니다.
각 헌법정신에 대해서 이해하고 어떻게 발전 시켜 나갔는 지 보여주는 논문입니다.
The United States is a federal union of 50 states, with the District of Columbia as the seat of the national government. The Constitution outlines the structure of the national government and specifies its powers and activities. Other governmental activities are the responsibility of the individual states, which have their own constitutions and laws. Within each state are counties, townships, cities and villages, each of which has its own elective government.
All government in the United States is "of, by and for the people." (Rossiter, 2003) Members of Congress, the President, state officials and those who govern counties and cities are elected by popular vote. The President names the heads of federal departments while judges are either elected directly by the people or appointed by elected officials. Voters mark unsigned ballots in private booths, so that no one else can find out for whom a citizen is voting. Public officials may be removed from office for failing to perform their duties properly, as well as for serious violations of law.
Bagehot, Walter. (2001). The English Constitution, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Rossiter, Clinton Lawrence. (2003). ed. Federalist Papers: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay, Signet Classics