Journalists throughout the world are exposing terrorism in the face of the danger. Press critic Jay Rosen states that “The logic of modern, present-day terrorism incorporates the new media…something journalists in the US and elsewhere really haven’t thought completely though” (McLachlan 2005). Journalists are ten times more likely to die than the quarter of a million American and British (Katovsky 2003:11). The Pentagon even sent an army of 2700 reporters, photographers and television/radio staff before cruise missiles attacked Baghdad on March 20, 2005. The US Central Command’s director of strategic communications, Jim Wilkinson, said that a historical event had just taken place (11). As his comments suggest, war correspondents work not only under extreme physical danger, but also face a range of political, technical, economic and military pressures.
Foreign correspondents can go astray if they begin to sympathise with a country, its public and traditions. In Hodge’s opinion (1999:122), education is not a reason to make sympathies. Even educated journalists have to try ‘to retrain his/her journalistic
Allan, S. & Zelizer, B. (2004) Reporting War: Journalism in Wartime, New York: Routledge.
Hodge, E. (1999) “Friendship and Objectivity: Pros and Cons of Foreign Correspondents’ Adoption of the Insiders’ Perspective” in Asia Pacific Media Educator, No.7, July – December, pp.115-123.
Hodge, E. (2000) “War Reporting: The First Casualty Is Still the Truth”, unpublished paper pp.1-2.
Katovsky, B. (2003) “Introduction” in Embedded: The Media at War in Iraq, Connecticut: The Lyons Press, pp.11-19.
Knightley, P. (1991) “The Deadly Video Game 1990-1991”, in The First Casualty, London: Pan Books.
McLachlan, D. (2005) “Cultures of Journalism: Reporting War”, Radio National.
[Available access = http://www.abc.net.au/rn/learing/lifelong/stories/s1174650.htm]
McLaughlin, P. (2002) The War Correspondent, London: Pluto Press.
“Charter for the Safety of Journalists Working in War Zones or Dangerous Areas”, Reporters without Borders, March 2002
[Available access = http://www. rsf.org