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[의학]hemoptysis

저작시기 2006.05 |등록일 2006.05.31 한글파일한컴오피스 (hwp) | 9페이지 | 가격 1,000원

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목차

1.differentiation between hemoptysis and hematemesis
2.Causes
3.Diagnosis
4.Treatment

본문내용

1.differentiation between hemoptysis and hematemesis
Patients are often not sure if the blood is from the respiratory tract or not. There is a big difference, in terms of prognosis (final outcome and expected recovery) and treatment, between hemoptysis and hematemesis (vomiting blood).
Signs of hemoptysis include:
◦ Any respiratory symptoms, such as a cough
◦ Bright red blood
◦ Blood that has a liquid or clotted, frothy appearance Signs of hematemesis include:

◦ A history of excessive alcohol use or liver disease
◦ Any esophogastric symptoms, such as nausea or vomiting
◦ Brown or black blood
◦ Blood that looks like coffee grounds
◦ Dark-colored, tar-like stools (a condition known as melena)
2.Causes
There are many underlying disorders that can cause hemoptysis, ranging from heart problems to trauma to infections to lung disease. Worldwide, tuberculosis is the most common cause of hemoptysis. In industrialized countries, the United States included, the most common causes are bronchitis, bronchiectasis, and bronchogenic carcinoma

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