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[영어에세이]Human Cloning - Individualistic vs. Communitarian(인간복제)
In many controversial topics around the world, we can
find differing positions, and opinions. Many of these arguments, can be narrowed
down to two different views, or constructs: individualistic and communitarian
(an image of collectivism). An individualistic viewpoint "stresses the rights of
the individual as a unique being" (class review). A communitarian viewpoint is
more concerned with the good for the greatest number, "even if an individual
must suffer or sacrifice" (class review)
Most of the "scientific community" (a collective) favors the cloning
of animals. Many, including Dr. Wilmut, argue that the potential for medical
and scientific advances to be enormous. He said any rush to judgement could
"lead to overly restrictive limits on related but less controversial areas of
research" (The Washington Post, Technique`s Use With Humans Is Feared, By Rick
Weiss, Monday, February 24, 1997). With an appeal to higher authority Dr. Wilmut,
and other supporting scientists argue that society as a whole can benefit from
the techniques involving animal cloning. These include improved livestock herds,
opportunities for research on disease, and production of protein enriched
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