이 보고서는 비관세무역장벽이 무엇이며 어떤 것이 있는지에 대한 설명과 함께 비관세무역장벽으로 인한 분쟁사례로 2000년 한-미 소고기 수입에 대한 무역분쟁을 분석하였습니다. 전문은 영어로 작성되었습니다.
1. What is non-tariff barrier?
2. Various kinds of NTB
3. Case study
: Korea — Measures Affecting Imports of Fresh, Chilled and frozen Beef
4. Personal comments
[What is non-tariff barrier?]
Non-tariff barriers are restrictions to import but are not in the usual form of a tariff. NTB(Non-tariff barrier) is criticized because it evades free-trade rules such as those of WTO. However, as the WTO rules have sharply reduced tariff use in trade, the use of NTB has risen significantly.
As NTB increases, disputes over NTB are also increasing. Here is a case which Korea concerned. It is about measures about imported beef in Korea. In this case, WTO ascertained that Korea had unfair NTB on imported beef and Korea had to implement WTO’s recommendation.