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[FTA, 자유무역협정](영문) 한국의 FTA 정책과 한국-호주 FTA

저작시기 2004.07 |등록일 2005.01.17 워드파일MS 워드 (doc) | 97페이지 | 가격 1,000원

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한국의 FTA 정책과 한국-호주 FTA의 타당성에 대한 조사 연구자료. (모두 영문)

목차

Ⅰ. Introduction 1
A. Purpose of the Study 1
B. Theoretical Background 3
C. Scope and Limitation 6
D. Methods and Structure 8

Ⅱ. Background 10
A. International Trade Trends 10
B. Regional Economic Integration 14
1. Characteristics of New Regional Economic Integration 14
2. FTAs around the World 16

Ⅲ. FTA Policies of Korea 21
A. Necessity of FTAs 21
B. Criteria for FTA Partners for Korea 26
1. Buying Power of Partner Countries 26
2. Complementary Economic Structure 34
3. Agriculture Issues 41
C. Korea’s Efforts for FTAs 44

Ⅳ. Prospects of a Korea-Australia FTA 57
A. Australia’s Trade Characteristics 57
B. FTA Policies of Australia 61
C. International Trade between Korea and Australia 66
D. Korea-Australia FTA 71
1. Opportunity and Strength 71
2. Threat and Weakness 73
3. Concluding Remarks 75

Ⅴ. Conclusion 79
Bibliography 83

본문내용

To revitalize its economy from the financial crisis of 1997, Korea decided to pursue FTAs, choosing Chile as its first FTA partner. Afterwards, it set forth plans to conclude FTAs with Singapore and Japan in the near future. It also considered China and the USA as FTA partners in the mid-term, but it is questionable whether these countries are the most attractive FTA partners for Korea. The objectives of this thesis are to answer the question whether the FTA policies of Korea are going in the right direction and examine whether Australia in particular is an attractive FTA partner for Korea.

According to trade theories, countries are involved in international trade for two basic reasons: First, countries trade because they are producing different products from each other, which is why complementary economic structure is important in international trade. Second, countries trade to achieve economies of scale in production; therefore, countries trade more with other countries that have buying power. To find attractive FTA partners for Korea, this thesis analyzes ten major trading partners of Korea with three criteria: complementary economic structure, buying power, and agriculture issues. The buying powers of prospective FTA partners are assessed by trade intensity indices, and the complementary economic structures are examined by the indices of revealed comparative advantage. In addition, this study considers the special situation of Korean agricultural business, which is one of the most important issues in FTA policies of Korea. From these criteria it is seen that Korea has ignored some very attractive FTA partners such as Australia, India, and Malaysia. Especially in terms of complementary economic structure, Australia is the most attractive FTA partner for Korea, but because the Korean government fears Australia’s strong agricultural business, it has never considered a Korea-Australia FTA. However, compared with other major agricultural product exporting countries which are important trading partners of Korea, Australia has less threatening agricultural business structures to Korea. It thus appears Australia is still a very attractive FTA partner for Korea.
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