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2. Construction of news stories:
News values, Origination of news,‘gatekeepers’ and ‘primary definer’
4. 'Gate keeping’ affects ‘agenda setting’
5. Application to practice
These three theories of Galtung, Hall and Gans, are explaining how news stories are produced. These theories are also applied in practice to news articles to a certain degree.
In reality, all the features above influence news production simultaneously and complicatedly. Furthermore, there are lots of unexpected variables besides the factors above. The reason is that news production is a complex process.
Therefore, news production cannot be explained clearly with a particular theory. Nevertheless, these theories truly provide a clue to understanding news production.