English word, garden stands for a plot of land used for the cultivation of flower, vegetables, herbs, or fruit. The term, garden, in Asia, can mean 庭園, 造園, 造景, and 園林. To adequately call 庭園, it should be a small or medium sized, fixed garden. A good example of it is 枯山水石庭 in Japan, which is built on a courtyard. However, Koreans did not build gardens in their courtyard, therefore it is not appropriate to call it 庭園. Moreover, Chinese garden, since it is large enough to create a landscape, scene, it is appropriate to call 園(林). All gardens are products of human dream that longs for lost paradise. Structure of garden, depending on a relationship with nature, differs.
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밅haracteristics of Japanese gardens.?Online. 15 January 2004. <http://www.ilovesankei.com/html/nihonbunka14.htm