국제대학원 기말 페이퍼입니다.
노벨평화상 수상한 NGO인 ICBL을 중심으로
'global civil society'이론을 적용하여 분석합니다. 현실주의 패러다임에 가장 적극적으로 도전해서 성과를 거둔 NGO라 보아집니다.
Ⅱ. Theoretic Framework
1. New Multilateralism
2. Global Civil Society
Ⅲ. History of ICBL
Ⅳ. The Background to the Ottawa Process
Ⅴ. The Role of NGOs
Ⅵ. Partnership with States
Ⅶ. Global Civil Society and Democratic Legitimacy
Establishment of the Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines was regarded by many international law scholars, international activists, diplomats and international organization personnel as a defining, `democratizing' change in the way international law is made. By bringing international NGOs - what is often called `global(international) civil society' - into the diplomatic and international law-making process, many believe that the Ottawa Convention represented both a democratization of, and a new source of legitimacy for, international law, in part because it was presumably made `from below'. This paper will focus on the evolution and process of ICBL and attempt to interpretate the achievement of ICBL in the 'global civil society' context.
Robert O'Brien et. al., Contesting Global Governance: multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements(Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000), ch.1.
Julie Mertus, "Human Rights and the Promise of Transnational Civil Society," The Promise of Transnational Society
Kenneth Roth, "New Minefields for NGOs: After the War on Landmines, These Organizations Started New Campaigns", Nation, 13 April 1998, p. 22.
Stuart Maslen and Peter Herby, "An International Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines: History and Negotiation of the Ottawa Treaty," http://www. icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0nsf/d268e7
Kenneth Anderson,"The Ottawa Convention Banning Landmines, the Role of International Non-Governmental Organizations and the Idea of International Civil Society," http://www.ejil.org/journal/Vol11/No1/art8-03.html#TopOfPage
Jody Williams, "The International Campaign to Ban Landmines - A Model for
Disarmament Initiatives?" http://www.nobel.se/cgi-bin/print
Cameron, `Democratization of Foreign Policy: The Ottawa Process as a Model', in M.A. Cameron, R.J. Lawson, and B.W. Tomlin (eds), To Walk Without Fear: The Global Movement to Ban Landmines (1998). p. 438.