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도덕적 책임과 과학자의 무지에 관하여

등록일 2000.09.16 파일확장자어도비 PDF (pdf) | 10페이지 | 가격 1,000원

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도덕적 책임과 과학자의 무지에 관한 논문임당~

목차

PRELIMINARIES
- Acting
- Responsibility
THE IGNORANT SCIENTIST
- The Problem of Ignorance
- Pure and Applied Research
- Blame
EXCUSES
- Kinds of Excuse
- The `Conceptual Defence`
- The `Political Defence`
- The `Empirical Defence`
CONCLUSION

본문내용

*I am very grateful to Julian Lamont for this helpful comments on an earlier version.
Suppose someone, call her P, does something which leads via some causal process
to an outcome g which P neither intends nor foresees. Could P be responsible for
g? P is of course causally responsible for g, for that is the hypothesis, but could she
be responsible in some other sense such that she could be praised or blamed for
bringing about g? There are various sorts of responsibility which attach praise or
blame, including legal, social and moral responsibility. There is nothing
praiseworthy or blameworthy in any of these weighty senses about doing
something trivial, so we will assume that g is significant in that it affects people in
some non-trivial way. It would, however, appear at first sight that P could not
possibly be responsible for something if she neither intends it nor foresees it.
Writing in a different context, in connection with science policy and his battle with
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